Mickelson Strikes His Moving Ball
By now most readers will have made up their own mind about the Mickelson incident at the 2018 US Open at Shinnecock Hills. Some may not have seen this updated statement from USGA PR, which in my opinion shows why there was never any possibility of an alternative ruling;
There appears to be some continued uncertainty about the basis of the ruling with Phil Mickelson during the third round of the 118th U.S. Open, and we would like to further clarify previous statements. During play of the 13th hole Mickelson made a stroke on the putting green at his ball, which was moving. As a result, he incurred a two-stroke penalty for a breach of Rule 14-5; the stroke made at the moving ball also counted. His score for the hole was 10. Rule 14-5 does not include a serious breach clause or disqualification as part of the penalty statement.
Rule 1-2 did not apply in this situation because Mickelson made a stroke at the ball (defined as the forward movement of the club with the intention of striking at and moving the ball) as opposed to another act to deflect or stop the ball in motion, which are two acts covered by Rule 1-2. Additionally, Exception 1 under Rule 1-2 states that “an action expressly permitted or expressly prohibited by another Rule is subject to that other Rule and not Rule 1-2.” As the act of making a stroke at a moving ball is expressly covered by Rule 14-5, that Rule and the penalty associated with that Rule were applied. The Committee looked at the facts of the situation and determined that there were no grounds under the Rules of Golf for any further penalty, including disqualification.
The key point is that Mickelson made a stroke at his ball in motion, the forward movement of his club made with the intent of striking it to the hole. Rule 1-2, which many have been confused by, relates to a player deflecting or stopping a ball. An example of this would be when a player, after chipping their ball up a steep slope, sees it roll back down the slope and to avoid it ending up in the water of a water hazard, they either stop it or deflect it sideways.
Interestingly, the ruling on this incident would be the same under the new Rules of Golf – 2019, as they are currently drafted.
Agreeing with the USGA ruling does not mean that I condone Mickelson’s action, which in my opinion was unbecoming of a professional golfer. I would have preferred if he had apologised and withdrawn before the next round commenced. At least he has since had the sense to correct his original assertion that he had made a deliberate action to “take advantage of the Rules”. In a tweet to a GolfDigest reporter he said,
“I know this should’ve come sooner, but it’s taken me a few days to calm down. My anger and frustration got the best of me last weekend. I’m embarrassed and disappointed by my actions. It was clearly not my finest moment and I’m sorry“.
Zach Johnson Delays Making a Stroke at His Ball because it Might Be Moving
On Friday, at the Travelers Championship, at TPC River Highlands, Cromwell, Connecticut, Zach Johnson narrowly missed a birdie putt on the 3rd hole. His ball was overhanging the hole (as per the photo above). It is Rule 16-2 that is relevant;
When any part of the ball overhangs the lip of the hole, the player is allowed enough time to reach the hole without unreasonable delay and an additional ten seconds to determine whether the ball is at rest. If by then the ball has not fallen into the hole, it is deemed to be at rest. If the ball subsequently falls into the hole, the player is deemed to have holed out with his last stroke, and must add a penalty stroke to his score for the hole; otherwise, there is no penalty under this Rule.
Presumably, Johnson was aware of this Rule, because he waited to see if the ball was going to drop before slowly walking to the far side of the hole, apparently counting off the 10 seconds on his fingers, and then taking a stance and placing his club behind the ball to tap it in. This is when the ball dropped into the hole and he immediately stepped back. He knew that the 10 seconds time limit had passed before the ball hit the hole, so there was no question of the ball being holed with his previous stroke. However, this did not stop him from calling an official.
Afterwards Johnson clarified his reasoning with these words;
“The 10-second rule has always been there. Vague to some degree. The bottom line is I went to tap it in after 10 seconds and the ball was moving. At that point, even if the ball is moving, it’s deemed to be at rest because it’s on the lip. Don’t ask me why, but that’s just the way it is.”
Well, let me tell you why! The bolded part of Rule 16-2 above, says that after the 10 seconds limit the ball is deemed to be at rest. Not at all vague. After this time expires the player may make a stroke at it or mark and lift it. They do not have to be concerned about making a stroke at a moving ball, because it is deemed to be at rest. Even if they replace the ball on the lip and it subsequently falls into the hole the player is deemed to have holed out with their last stroke and has to add a penalty stroke to their score for the hole; so the score will be the same as if they had hit it in the hole (Decision 16-2/0.5).
The incident can be viewed at this YouTube link.
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